Ethiopia & Somaliland

Archeological Tour

13 nights and 14 days
These journeys pass through the scenic Ethiopian highlands and leads to the historical sites of the country in the
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12-03-2017 Hits:1679 Tour Package

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13 days and 12 nights

This adventure is a Cultural and Tribal with-in the South of Ethiopia which passes through, the scenic Omo Valley of Ethiopian lowlands, visiting the tribal people of Ethiopia, this region is home to a fascinating range of distinct tribal groups, isolated from the rest of the world for centuries and still very much following their own cultures and customs. On this trip, we set off using on ET flight to/from Arbaminch to explore this Southern Omo Valley of Ethiopia, stopping at local markets and visiting villages, driving past the lakes of Africa’s Great Rift Valley and looking for the wealth of wildlife. Here traveling is not for the faint-hearted, but one of the most exciting experiences that the continent offers ‘Off the beaten track’.
Later, the tour will goes to Harar and will continue to Somaliland by crossing Ethiopian. The tour will touch Hargeisa and Berbera that includes other attraction sites.

Duration – 13 days and 12 nights

Transportation: 4WD Toyota Land Cruiser, boat ride and flight

Accommodation - Based on 4* hotel in Addis Ababa, best lodges and hotels out of Addis Ababa

  • Tour Overview
day 01

. ARRIVAL AND CITY TOUR OF ADDIS ABABA

Land at Bole International Airport and transfer to the hotel. Check in and have a short break.
After a break, take a city tour of Addis Ababa. Situated where the Great Rift Valley crosses Ethiopia’s mountain range at more than 7,000 feet above sea-level, Addis Ababa is a large sprawling city with a population of more than five million people. visit the National Museum. It is home to the skeleton of Selam, who like Lucy, is an Australopithecus afarensis. Often nicknamed Lucy’s baby, Selam actually lived nearly 150,000 years before Lucy.
Also, visit Entoto Mountain, the site from which Addis Ababa’s founder, Menelik, descended down to the plains. Visit the two churches he built and his palace, which displays 19th-century royal attire, weaponry, furniture, and intricately designed crosses made with precious metals. Also enjoy expansive views of the city and the Entoto Mountain Range. Continue on to the Ethnographic Museum of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, located in a palace of former Emperor Haile Selassie. See precious pieces of Ethiopian Christian art.
Overnight Capital Hotel & Spa or Similar

day 02

. DRIVE ARBAMINCH


Drive from Addis to Arbaminch: En route visit Melka Kunture, lie near the Awash River Gorge 50 km south of the capital is one of the most important Neolithic sites in Ethiopia. Hand axes and various other implements have been found here. Next stop is at Tiya, where we can see the northernmost example of a peculiar type of engraved, standing stelae which stretch across parts of southern Ethiopia. These stelae are believed to have been erected between the 12th and 14th centuries and are almost certainly grave markers. Recent excavations at Tiya have revealed the remains of young people of both sexes, aged between 18 -30 and buried in fetal positions. Tiya is recognized as a World Heritage Site. This is a drive through the Rift Valley going south towards Kenya.
Proceed through villages, admiring the spectacular green hills along the way to Arbaminch, which in the Amharic language means “Forty Springs”.
Overnight Paradise Lodge or Similar

day 03

. DRIVE JINLA


After a morning breakfast, take a refreshment boat drive to Lake Chamo. See Lake Chamo, where crocodiles sunbath on the shore and hippos cool themselves in the water. Birdlife is abundant here including weavers, sunbirds, waxbills and colonies of pelicans. Later, drive to Jinka en route visit Konso, named after the konso people, which is known for its religious traditions, Waga sculptures, and nearby fossil beds ( the latter an archeological site of early hominids). The site was designated as UNESCO World Heritage List in recognition for the universal cultural significance.
Later, drive to Key Afer but pass through the Tsemay village. The Tsemay tribe occupy the semi-arid region of the Weyto valley, which is found west of the Weyto River. Here, the Tsemay live as agro - pastoralist. The banks of the Weyto River are particularly suitable for crop cultivation and other plantations like cotton.
Finally, continue driving to the direction Jinka through Key Afer. The small town of Key Afer is famous for its Thursday Market. Here, stop at this little town and visit the Key Afer Tribal Market, Thursday market. Here you will come across with the Beautiful Banna, Tsemai, Ari and Hamer tribes exhibited on the plain open market. Finally, drive to Jinka for your overnight.
Overnight Eco Omo Lodge

day 04

. EXCURSION TO MURSI AND DRIVE TO TURMI


Morning excursion to a Mursi village. The Mursi tribe are renowned for the strange custom followed by their women who, on reaching maturity, have their lower lips slit to place a circular clay disc, a sign of beauty. Our final stop today is to the South Omo Research Center & Museum, an excellent anthropological museum. On this day, you will also visit the Jinka market. You will see the various tribes such as Mursi and Ari tribes.
Afternoon drive to Turmi. Along the way we pass through the Banna tribe. Banna are a pastoral tribe whose culture revolves around cattle. During the dry season, the men walk long distances with their herds looking for water and grass, and to harvest wild honey. They are closely related to their neighbors, the Hammer, in both language and culture.
Overnight Buska Lodge

day 05

. EXCURSION TO KARO AND DIMEKA MARKET


This day we drive towards Arbaminch and en route visit Karo tribes. Murile (also spelled Muelle and Murli) lies on the banks of the Omo River, and is a popular base for exploring what is essentially a rugged area. There is a fair amount of wildlife in the area, and a good chance of seeing some form of antelope and possibly raptors overhead. These Karo tribes practice scarification and have elaborate hairstyles. The Karo ethnic groups are experts in body painting, using clays and locally available vegetable pigments to trace fantastic patterns on their faces, chests, arms and legs. These designs have no special symbolic significance but are created purely for fun and aesthetic effect, each artist vying to outdo his fellow artist. Karo men also sculpt and shave their hair into extravagant shapes, with special ochre "caps" of hair usually containing several ostrich feathers.
Later in the afternoon, visit the Hamer village to see the Hamer tribes. Turmi is a center of the Hamer tribe. Hamers have remarkable hairstyles made from ochre, water, and binding resin. They rub the mixture into their hair then twist the strands repeatedly to create Coppery-colored locks. This is a sign of wealth and welfare. Hamers are considered to be masters of body decoration.
Overnight Buska Lodge ADDITIONAL, if there is a bull Jumping, you will enjoy it around Turmi “Hamers usually perform the BULL JUMPING ceremony at market days because many of his relatives and friends are believed to be present at the market and they are supposed to accompany the young man who is jumping lines of bulls. The jumping tradition is basically signifies that the young man is ready to merry his a lady of his choice. Later after the ceremony, there will be EVANGADI DANCING through the night which is accompanied by drinking local beers and alcohols” This is an additional program but will be additional cost of USD 20 per person.
day 06

. DRIVE TO ARBAMINCH


Today after a morning breakfast, drive to Arbaminch and visit Arbore village. The Arbore are a group of about 4000 people and subsist as agro pastoralists. Their most important possession is their cattle. Their agriculture (maize and sorghum) which together with animal husbandry is vital for their subsistence is maintained by an elaborate irrigation system alongside the River Weyto. The Arbore possess detailed knowledge of botanical species, distinguishing between 130 different kinds of sorghum. Continue driving to Arbaminch through the natural and plain countryside. On this day, stop at Konso to visit the weekly colorful market. Several stops on your way when you encountered with special occasions such as meeting tribes on the road and shepherds.
Overnight Paradise Lodge

day 07

. EXCURSION TO NECH SAR NATIONAL PARK


After a hearty morning breakfast, have an excursion to Nechisar National Park (also spelled as Nech Sar) is one of the national parks of Ethiopia. Located immediately to the east of Arba Minch, its 514 square kilometers of territory include the "Bridge of God" (an isthmus between Lakes Abaya and Chamo), and the Nechisar (English: white grass) plains east of the lakes. Park elevations range between 1108 and 1650 meters above sea level.
Wildlife in the park include plains zebra, Grant's gazelle, dik-dik, and the greater kudu as well as one of the last three populations of the endangered Swayne's hartebeest, endemic to Ethiopia. A stretch of the northwest shore of Lake Chamo is known as Crocodile Market, where hundreds of crocodiles gather to sun themselves. The park also has populations of bushbuck, bushpig, Anubis baboon, vervet monkeys,black-backed jackal and Burchell's zebra.
Overnight Paradise Lodge

day 08

. DRIVE LANGANO


Later, drive 300 km to Langaon, visiting the Dorze tribe, famed for their beehive-shaped houses and their weaving skills. Weaving is a primary profession for many Dorze. They are also farmers, who prevent soil erosion by ingenious terracing of the mountain sides. Around their huts they have their own little garden with vegetables, spices, tobacco and enset (false-banana or musa ensete). En route, visit the tribal people of Alaba who are noted for their beautifully painted houses, Wolita, known for their cultivation of Enset or False Banana, who are renowned for their huge huts and colorful cotton clothes.
Overnight Sabanna Lodge or Similar

day 09

. DRIVE HARAR


After a morning breakfast, drive to Harar,the walled city, which is a centre of religion from early days of the Islamic expansion until 1887. With its 99 Mosques, Harar is considered to be Islam’s fourth most Holy City. Harar’s old walled town is so compact that you will eventually come to a major street or wall that will lead you back to the Harar main gate. After a lunch break in Harar, you will visit The City Wall, with its five Gates and the narrow streets lined with traditional Harari Gegar houses, and the colorful Muslim and Christian markets (known for basketry). The vibrant market place, regarded as one of the most colourful in all Ethiopia, is also part of the visit.
Finally, in the evening visit the Hyena Man who feeds those wild hyenas from his mouth.
Overnight Heritage Plaza or Similar

day 10

. DRIVE HARGEISA


A full day to drive from Harar to Hargeisa crossing the border between Ethiopia and Somaliland on the way. As you progress you will pass out of the green Ethiopian lands into the brown scrub desert of Somalia, spotting camel trains as you drive.
Overnight Hotel Ambassador or Similar

day 11

. DRIVE BERBERA


After a visit to the Hargeisa Camel Market we will take you (with your security escort) to the wonderful cave paintings at Las Geel, one of the most intriguing sights in the Horn of Africa. On the overhangs of a rock in the desert are some of the world’s best preserved ancient cave paintings. Dating from 5000-9000 years old they depict cows, people, dogs and even giraffes.
Overnight Hotel Mann Soor or similar

day 12

. EXPLORE BERBERA


Berbera is a coastal city which service as the biggest seaport for Somaliland, with its clean and unspoiled beaches at the Gulf of Aden. Swimming, snorkelling, fishing and scuba-diving are some of the activities on offer, There are a few hotels and two restaurants where good fish dishes are served!
Berbera can be divided into several areas. The most out coming is Moscow, even with your eyes closed you will notice the Russian architecture. When you have a good look at the houses in Berbera you will notice they are made from Coral stone.
There is fresh caught fish every day! Treat yourself in one of the fancy restaurants with some sea view!

day 13

. DRIVE HARGEISA AND FLY ADDIS ABABA


After a morning breakfast, drive back to Hargeisa and en route you will stop to visit vernacular architectures and talk to people as Somaliland people are very communicative people which they don’t need in return. Finally, arrive to the airport and check in for your flight to Addis Ababa.
After arrival in Addis Ababa, enjoy traditional dinner at a traditional restaurant while enjoying traditional music. Then, proceed to the airport for your departure back home. End of the service.

Remark

Please Know that we can make any changes needed depending on the number of days you have and also This tour can easily be amended to other Tour Package

Price includes:
  • Meet and greet at airport
  • International flight cost as per stated in the program
  • All accommodation based on TWIN/DBL on sharing room basis
  • Meals on full board, Breakfast, lunch and dinner basis including local non- Alcoholic beverage
  • One bottled of water a day
  • All entrance fees in all sights according to the program.
  • Ground transportation with late model vehicles of Land Cruisers including fuel and all driver expenses
  • Professional English speaking guide throughout the trip with all its expenses
  • Local Guide fee in each region also scout and park fees in each region
  • Fare well dinner in Addis Ababa at traditional restaurant accompanied with Local music
  • A traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony at a convenient time and home host lunch
  • Porter age fee
  • Government sales tax
Price doesn't include
  • International flight
  • Visa fee
  • Alcoholic drinks & spirits
  • Video filming and photography fees
  • Incidental meals, snacks and drinks
  • Tips and items of personal nature
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Contact Us!

.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Meskel square infront of Exihibition center

. info@ experienceethiopia.com

. +251 115 530 809 /+251 930 106 565

. +251 115 519 9825

http://www.experienceethiopia.com